added by archaeologs A town in southern Italy that has a Lower Palaeolithic site with a hand axe or Acheulian level overlying one with abundant sidescapers (evolved Clactonian, Tayacian or Charentian?). Originally a settlement of the Lucanians (an ancient Italic tribe), it was taken by the Romans after the Samnite Wars (291 BC). Its position on the Appian Way made it an important Roman garrison town. The poet Horace was born there, and many of his poems mention it.
added by archaeologs An open Lower Palaeolithic site north of Potenza in Basilicata in southern Italy. A hand axe or Acheulian level overlies one with abundant ‘side scrapers’ (evolved Clac-tonian, Tayacian or Charentian). The date of these is not well fixed.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983