added by archaeologs The king of the Franks from 768-814 AD, who conquered the Lombard kingdom in Italy, subdued the Saxons, and annexed Bavaria to his kingdom. He is one of the greatest historical and legendary heroes, son of Pepin the Short, restored the kingdom's laws and economy, and re-established the institutions of the Western Church. Charlemagne was an able military leader, fighting campaigns in Spain and Hungary, uniting into one superstate almost all of the Christian lands of western Europe. In 800, he also became emperor. His patronage and accomplishments became known as the Carolingian Renaissance.
added by archaeologs Charles the Great [Charlemagne] is one of the greatest historical and legendary heroes of western romance. The son of Pepin the Short, he became sole king of the Franks and leader of the Amulfing dynasty in 771. The monk Einhard, Charlemagne’s court biographer, gives the impression of a cultured, intelligent, charismatic figure blessed with outstanding ability and strength. It was Charlemagne who finally united the Frankish kingdom, restoring its laws and economy, and re-establishing the institutions of the Western Church. Charlemagne was also an able military leader, and extended his kingdom to encompass most of western Europe, except Spain and southern Italy. Charlemagne gathered men of culture and learning at his court, and through his patronage and energy the late 8th and 9th centuries have become known as the period of the Carolingian Renaissance. The emperor died in 814 and was succeeded by his son, Louis the Pious. The images that survive portray Charlemagne as the Christian successor to the Roman emperors. The same image is to be found in his palatial complex at Aachen, and on his reformed coinage, where he sometimes appears with a laurel wreath around his head.
The Macmillan dictionary of archaeology, Ruth D. Whitehouse, 1983