Tell site in northern Turkey, cl 50 km east of Ankara, occupied in the 4th, 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. A group of 13 extremely rich tombs from the Early Bronze Age II (early 3rd millennium BC) was found outside the town and is thought to represent a royal cemetery. The burials were single and double inhumations in rectangular pits, accompanied by a wealth of fine metalwork. This included two very early iron daggers (made of terrestrial iron) with gold-plated handles; swords, daggers, maceheads, spears and battle-axes of copper and bronze; jugs and goblets of gold, silver, electrum, copper and bronze; diadems, brooches, bracelets, pins and beads in gold; and figurines of bulls and stags in copper, inlaid with electrum, thought to be mounts from funeral standards. The tombs were lined with rough stone walling and roofed with a ceiling of wooden beams, over which skulls and hooves of animals were placed as part of the funeral rite. The city was reoccupied in the Hittite period and it has been tentatively identified as the Hittite holy city of Arinna. The best-known monument of this period is a monumental gateway guarded by two great carved sphinxes.